White mistletoe is a parasitic plant that feeds on its host. In the past, it was found exclusively within Western Europe, but recently it has firmly settled throughout Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus.
A mistletoe is a rooted plant that grows on branches of trees that have the soft and dense bark from which it draws the juices. She favors the fruit tree, as well as willows poplars, lindens, spruce, and the fir.
Birds are willing to devour its juicy, white sticky berries that contain seeds. They clean their beaks from branches.
When the seed is planted on the tree releases roots, which are hidden in the bark. In time, the plant becomes an oval with an area of 20 to 70 cm and, from a distance, looks like an animal’s nest.
Mistletoe flowers in April and is which are pollinated by insects as well as the winds. Its flowering generally coincides with the blooming of its host. The white fruits begin to ripen between August and September.
For humans, they’re poisonous just as leaves. Mistletoe is difficult to control in the garden. If several mistletoe plants are deposited on a tree, they could cause serious harm to the plants of the garden. When you trim mistletoe, it grows quickly. There’s only one option cutting all branches from the tree.
Presently, there are preparations being developed using the leaves of the plant to reduce blood pressure, stop arterial thrombosis and boost the activity of the heart. There are attempts being made by medical professionals to utilize the plant to treat cancer.
Since the beginning of time, people have attributed unique qualities to the mistletoe. It is believed to ensure that gardens produce fruits in abundance, and also protect the plants from injuries, diseases, or fires as well as other unfortunate events.
There was a belief that mistletoe that grew on oaks had a particular power. The mistletoe branch is hanging over the entryway to the home, and also over the fireplace to make it look more appealing to be used to decorate the Christmas season.
Mistletoes comprise a broad collection of plants that are parasitic on the aboveground areas of woody trees and shrubs.
The perennial flowering plants are equipped with specific roots that allow them to get into the host plant where it gets nutrients and water.
There are full parasites as well as partial ones such as miniature mistletoes (Arceuthobium spp.) and hemiparasites or partial parasites, such as mistletoes that are used as decorations for the holidays. These hemiparasites are a source of chlorophyll which is why they receive a portion of their food from their hosts.
Interesting Facts about Mistletoe
Mistletoe is an herb that is semi-parasitic with leathery, small leaves and tiny white berries. Mistletoe plants make their own food however they have to acquire mineral water and water from the host plant.
American mistletoe ( Phoradendron serotinum) can be found in deciduous trees all the way from New Jersey and southern Indiana all the way up to Florida along with Texas. It is the flower of the state of Oklahoma. Mistletoe that is sold in the winter months is harvested from the wild. The majority of mistletoe harvested is in Oklahoma as well as Texas.
Mistletoe fruit is poisonous. To protect themselves, many businesses have substituted mistletoe with synthetic plastic fruit.
The scientific name Phoradendron is derived from Greek and literally means “thief of the tree.”
What to do for Flowering Mistletoe
When we buy a cactus we want to be able to contemplate its precious petals as soon as possible. To achieve this, we recommend that you do the following:
- Change the pot: Thorn plants sold in nurseries are in the same pot for a long time. When we buy them, the first thing to do is to transfer them to a somewhat larger pot in the spring with black peat mixed with equal parts perlite. Again, they should be transplanted every 2 years.
- Water it when needed: during the summer it is recommended to water about three times a week and the rest of the year once or twice. If you have a slab underneath, you should remove the excess water ten minutes after watering.
- Fertilize it during the warm months: from spring to summer it should be fed with cactus fertilizer, according to the instructions on the package.
- Protect it from cold and hail: Although there are species that can withstand temperatures down to -2ºC, for example, the genus Mammillaria, it is highly recommended to protect it from cold and especially from hail.
This way, your cactus can bloom.